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The world is a dangerous place to live; not because of the people who are evil,    but because of the people who don't do anything about it    
Documents & Data

How Israeli influence is squashing free speech in GermanyShir Hever - Middle East Eye - It appears that Israel is now pressuring the German government, the Bank for Social Economy, German newspapers and religious institutions to move to an even more extreme stage of support for Israel and Zionism - although the bank spokeswoman said allegations that it has come under pressure from Israel are “completely unfounded”. In this new Germany, Jews who do not demonstrate pro-Israeli points of view no longer deserve to express their opinions. They may not give public talks. They may not have a museum that represents their culture, and they may not have bank accounts. Only pro-Israeli Jews are accepted in such a society.- rh16/7/2019
Israel’s education minister: Intermarriage among US Jews ‘like second Holocaust’JTA and TOI STAFF - The Times of Israel - Peretz said the assimilation of Jews around the world and mostly in the US was “like a second Holocaust,” and also said that, due to intermarriages in the last 70 years, the Jewish people “lost 6 million people,” according to the report, which added that Peretz’s spokesman confirmed the account. The July 1 cabinet meeting included a briefing by Dennis Ross, chairman of the board of the Jewish People Policy Institute, on trends in Jewish communities around the world, especially in North America. The topic of intermarriage came up during the briefing. Axios reported that Energy Minister Yuval Steinitz (Likud) pushed back against Peretz’s remarks. “First we need to stop disregarding and looking down on Jews in America that see themselves as Jews not only religiously but even more culturally and historically,” he reportedly said.-rh16/7/2019
‘They shot to kill’: residents of West Bank village in shock after Israeli snipers shoot 10-year-old boy in the headYumna Patel - Mondoweiss - It wasn’t long, Shteiwi said, before the demonstration divulged into more violent confrontations, with Israeli forces firing tear gas, rubber bullets, and sound bombs into the crowd. “But this Friday, they were using live ammunition, and they weren’t just firing it in the air. They were firing it at the people,” he told Mondoweiss, adding that there were Israeli snipers targeting people. All of a sudden, the villagers saw Abdul Rahman fall to the ground, blood spilling from his head. “He wasn’t even at the front of the clashes, there were tons of other young men in front of him. But they aimed at the child on purpose and shot him,” Shteiwi recounted.-rh16/7/2019
UN investigator: Israel “moving rapidly” towards West Bank annexationJames Reinl - Mondoweiss - Israel is “moving rapidly” towards annexing parts of the Palestinian West Bank and tough rhetoric from Israeli politicians could presage a “dramatic” step in the coming months, United Nations investigator Michael Lynk told Mondoweiss. Speaking by phone from Amman, the capital of Jordan, during a week- long fact-finding visit to the region, Lynk said that Israel’s settlement-building on Palestinian land was at its “highest level in recent years”. “It’s moving much more rapidly and on the horizon is something much more dramatic,” said Lynk, the UN’s special rapporteur for the situation of human rights in the Palestinian territory.-rh16/7/2019
Illegal Israeli Colonists Occupy Palestinian Irrigation WellsIMEMC News - Several illegal Israeli colonialist settlers invaded, Friday, Khirbat Samra Palestinian village, in the West Bank’s Northern Plains, and occupied irrigation wells. Palestinian human rights activist, Aref Daraghma, said the colonists, occupied all the Palestinian wells, and prevented the farmers from using them, before using the water for their cows. Daraghma added that the colonists prevented the Palestinians from using the well to feed their sheep, and planted trees in Khallet Hamad area, near the tents of local shepherds, in preparation to occupy the lands.-rh16/7/2019
Jordan, Palestine moving closerDaoud Kuttab - Arab Media Internet Network - The morning radio programme exchange is just one of many signs about the Jordanian- Palestinian re rapprochement that has been going on for some time as Palestinians seek a trusted neighbour outside the Israeli occupation. Jordanian and Palestinian politics have been totally in sync with each other as illustrated this week with the high-level official visit to Jordan by Palestinian Prime Minister Mohammad Shtayyeh and a number of Cabinet ministers. The visit has already ushered agreements on the increase in Jordanian electricity distribution from the current 26 megawatts to 80 megawatts. This will mean that Palestinians, not only in Jericho, but also nearby Al Eizariya, Abu Dis and East Jerusalem, will be lit by electricity coming from Jordan.-rh16/7/2019
Is Netanyahu concerned about anti-Semitic rulers? Akiva Eldar - Al-Monitor - How many minutes, if not seconds, would it have taken Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu or his son Yair Netanyahu to tweet in rage against a Western leader who invited an illustrator (or a cartoonist) known for his anti-Semitic caricatures to meet with him? This is not some imaginary scenario. None other than President Donald Trump issued such an invitation to the White House on July 8. Apparently, he is not outraged by Ben Garrison’s caricatures, one of which depicts the presidents of the United States and Russia peeking from the skull of the angel of death who has a Star of David drawn on his nose and the word “War” boldly emblazoned on his forehead. Another of Garrison’s cartoons shows the US national security adviser and the head of the CIA as puppets of Jewish billionaires George Soros and the Rothschild family.-rh 16/7/2019
What Israel’s coalition will look like after September elections Ben Caspit - Al-Monitor - Israelis go to the polls in just over two months, on Sept. 17, for the second time in less than six months, and the dead end looks deader than ever. According to the polls, Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu will not have the parliamentary majority required to form a new right-wing government without the support of his nemesis Yisrael Beitenu head Avigdor Liberman, whose electoral strength keeps growing. The rival Blue and White party led by Benny Gantz and Yair Lapid will not have the majority needed to form a center-left government, either. The recent decision by former Prime Minister Ehud Barak to join the race has not changed the situation in any substantive way and the left-wing parties — Barak’s Democratic Israel party, Labor and Meretz — are having a hard time deciding to join forces.-rh 16/7/2019
We must shift American public opinion in order to end Palestinian oppressionRobert Lord - Mondoweiss - History shows that those committing atrocities on the world stage don’t wake up one day and spontaneously end their crimes. As regular readers of Mondoweiss know, Israel won’t end Palestinian oppression on its own. Outside pressure is the only hope, and the most powerful vehicle to deliver that pressure, BDS, is building momentum. That is, boycott and divestment are, but sanctions are not yet a serious topic of discussion in U.S. political discourse. And they need to be. The best hope for Palestinians is a change in American public opinion. Losing the support of Americans, including the largest Jewish population outside Israel, would mean losing American military support. At that point, Israel would be isolated on the world stage. -rh 16/7/2019
Palestinian universities fight back against Israel forcing international academics out of the countryYumna Patel - Mondoweiss - It’s been two years since Haneen Adi, an English literature and writing teacher at Ramallah’s Birzeit University, has left the occupied West Bank. During the past two years she has missed her sister’s wedding, another sister’s graduation, and the death of a relative. When her father attempted to visit her, he was denied entry by Israeli authorities. Israel has refused to renew Adi’s visa to stay and teach in the West Bank since November 2017, the middle of her first semester at Birzeit. Since then, she has been faced with an impossible decision: overstay her previous visa in order to continue teaching, or leave the country and risk losing her job, in addition to the possibility of never being able to come back to Palestine.-rh16/7/2019
Court tells Israeli municipality it cannot use ‘residents only’ ban to prevent Palestinians from attending local parkYumna Patel- Mondoweiss - Sunday’s court decision came after Palestinian legal rights NGO Adalah, with support from Israel’s district attorney’s office, filed a petition against the city of Afula for discrimination in preventing the entry of Palestinian residents of surrounding areas.The petition was filed after Adalah attorney Nareman Shehadeh-Zoabi, a Palestinian woman, and her infant son attempted to enter the park but were denied on the basis that they were residents of the nearby city of Nazareth, not Afula. Following the incident, Adalah released a statement from Zoabi, who said she felt “humiliated” as she watched Jewish residents pass by her, “who freely entered this vast park that I know very well, while I had to trace my steps and return to my car.”-rh16/7/2019
Court-sanctioned vengeance: HCJ upholds ban on family visits for Hamas prisoners from GazaB’Tselem - "According to figures updated through April 2019, Israel is holding 303 Palestinians from the Gaza Strip in prison facilities with its sovereign territory. Two of them are minors. Israel makes it unbearably difficult for residents of Gaza to visit family members imprisoned within its territory" [ry] 15/7/2019
3,000 Protest in Gaza for Great Return March as Egyptian Delegation ArrivesIMEMC News - "A day after Israeli forces `mistakenly` shot and killed a Palestinian security guard trying to prevent protesters from reaching the border fence with Israel, thousands of people turned out Friday midday to protest the escalation in ‘Great Return March’ protests in northern, southern and eastern Gaza" [ry] 15/7/2019
Palestine in Pictures: June 2019"Israel and Hamas had reached an agreement toward an extended calm along the Gaza boundary, it was reported in late June. The Tel Aviv newspaper Haaretz said an Israeli official confirmed that occupation authorities would `allow the delivery of fuel and expand the fishing zone in Gaza,` in exchange for `Hamas halting violence`” [ry] 15/7/2019
Manslaughter charges said off the table for cop who shot dead Ethiopian Israeli : Public security minister says protests were ‘an explosion of pain and rage’ by those who’ve faced racism all their lives; PM’s son: Rallies funded by NGOs backed by GermanyTOI STAFF - The Times of Israel - Justice Ministry officials investigating the conduct of a police officer who shot dead an Ethiopian Israeli, sparking mass protests across the country, are leaning toward charging the man with a disciplinary offense only, Channel 13 news reported Friday.-rh9/7/2019
The absurdity of campaign financing in Israel : Parties should not be allowed to use state funding for ongoing expenses to cover the debts accrued during political campaignsAssaf Shapira - The Times of Israel - How is this for an absurdity? The state awards a very generous public financing package to political parties for election campaigns. The Israel Democracy Institute conducted a study to compare election financing in Israel and in OECD countries in the years 2007-2011, and indeed found that Israel provides the highest level of financing in an election year. And yet, time and time again, the parties go over their budgets and find themselves in significant deficits by the time the election campaign is over.-rh9/7/2019
Can Israel’s religious right rid itself of racists? Shlomi Eldar - Al-Monitor - It seems that the last thing Peretz wants now is Ben Gvir, Marzel and Gupstein on his list, but soon he might discover that the weeds have grown wild. They still might thrive, since Netanyahu watered them in the garden, and manage to draw enough votes to enter the Knesset — with or without Michael Ben Ari, but with much hatred, provocation and pure racism.-rh 9/7/2019
Needed: A heavy dose of goodwill : Israeli society is unstable because so many suffer from harassment over their nationality, ethnic origin, sex, or political persuasionNaomi Chazan - The Times of Israel - Is his death, much like that of his fellow Ethiopian-Israeli Yehuda Biadga in February, just another instance of the wholesale diminution of this proud Jewish community, which came to Israel to fulfill their 2,000-year-old dream of living in Zion? Or will it prove to be the long-overdue turning point in the painful — yet absolutely necessary process of uprooting the climate of separation, suspicion and bigotry that has gradually permeated all parts of Israeli society? The answer to this critical puzzle is still up in the air. But if the experience of the past few days is any indication, the struggle of Ethiopian Jewry for dignity, respect, equality, and justice will once again be buried under a pile of cynical misinformation and diversionary measures.-rh 9/7/2019
Burying the Nakba : How Israel Systematically Hides Evidence of 1948 Expulsion of Arabs. Since early last decade, Defense Ministry teams have scoured local archives and removed troves of historic documents to conceal proof of the Nakba.Hagar Shezaf - Portside - The document, which seemed to describe events that took place during the 1948 war, began: “Safsaf [former Palestinian village near Safed] – 52 men were caught, tied them to one another, dug a pit and shot them. 10 were still twitching. Women came, begged for mercy. Found bodies of 6 elderly men. There were 61 bodies. 3 cases of rape, one east of from Safed, girl of 14, 4 men shot and killed. From one they cut off his fingers with a knife to take the ring.” The writer goes on to describe additional massacres, looting and abuse perpetrated by Israeli forces in Israel’s War of Independence.-rh9/7/2019
Maybe, When It Comes to anti-Semitism, No `Different Germany` Exists?Daniel Blatman - Haaretz - The desire to prove that the so-called different Germany had indeed arisen and was being built, stemmed from a desire by German immigrants living in Israel to reconnect with their homeland, which they had been forced to leave in the 1930s. Later, Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion and Chancellor Konrad Adenauer would adopt this term, which suited their shared political goals. Ever since, this term has been used to describe the great revolution Germany underwent after the defeat of the Nazis when, on their ruins, a stable, economically thriving democracy arose – one that accepts responsibility for the crimes of its past, is tolerant and sensitive toward minorities, compensates the survivors of the genocide and consistently supports Israel. But this “different Germany” has recently been facing a difficult test. Suddenly, almost 75 years after the collapse of the Third Reich, anti-Semitism has resurfaced as an issue around which virtually the entire German political system has united. Almost all the members of the Bundestag – Social Democrats, Free Democrats and the Greens – voted recently in favor of a resolution that defines the BDS movement as anti-Semitic. Following that sweeping decision, Germany has become a leading member of the coalition of “distorters of anti-Semitism.” Fellow members are leaders like Viktor Orban of Hungary, Matteo Salvini of Italy and Heinz-Christian Strache of Austria. All are lovers of Israel, serious racists and also, if necessary, anti-Semites.-rh9/7/2019
Why won’t the ‘NY Times’ do a profile of Israel’s most notorious general, Ofer Winter?James North - Mondoweiss - Reporters at the New York Times love to have their stories featured on the front page. In fact, among themselves they dismiss articles that run inside as merely “vitamin page” reports — because the Times labels the pages in its print edition as A6, B3, and so on. The paper’s Jerusalem bureau has missed another sure-fire chance to get on page A1. Brigadier General Ofer Winter, the Israeli army’s most controversial officer, just got promoted again — but the Times continues to ignore him. Winter’s notoriety is summarized in Haaretz’s characterization: “a Pattonesque holy warrior on the battlefield.” Winter has been well-known since the early 2000s, but one Times reporter after another has somehow failed to write a profile.-rh9/7/2019
The man who helped build Israel`s legal infrastructure of oppressionHagai El-Ad - +972 - Former Chief Justice Aharon Barak is completely at peace with his ruling on targeted assassinations. On a recent episode of an Israeli investigative TV program, he went so far as to brag about its impact: “By the way, my judgment is taught all over the world.” Clearly, Barak takes pride in his judgments resonating around the world. When it comes to his own voice and words, the question of “why take it abroad?” never even comes up. But when another Israeli – me – took it abroad and spoke at the UN, Chief Justice Barak got mad — really mad. “I too am pained when I hear about an Israeli going before the Security Council and – in front of all the other delegates whose countries, each and every one, engages in human rights violations, much more than we do – makes these speeches there, and they applaud him. It made me very mad, very mad. I was angry about that.-rh9/7/2019
Trump’s Peace Plan Has Been Designed to Fail – Exactly Like its PredecessorsJONATHAN COOK - Counterpunch - Donald Trump’s supposed “deal of the century”, offering the Palestinians economic bribes in return for political submission, is the endgame of western peace-making, the real goal of which has been failure, not success. For decades, peace plans have made impossible demands of the Palestinians, forcing them to reject the terms on offer and thereby create a pretext for Israel to seize more of their homeland.-rh9/7/2019
Netanyahu likens Iran’s enrichment breach to Nazis’ 1936 occupation of Rhineland : PM calls Tehran’s violation of 2015 deal a ‘dangerous step,’ urges European countries to intervene and impose sanctionsTOI STAFF and AGENCIES - The Times of Israel - Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu on Sunday likened Iran’s “dangerous” flouting of the nuclear deal to the Nazis occupation of the Rhineland in 1936, in a call for European countries to sanction the Islamic Republic over its ramped-up uranium enrichment. Iran said Sunday it was set to breach the uranium enrichment cap set by the 2015 nuclear accord within hours as it seeks to press signatories into keeping their side of the bargain.-rh9/7/2019
Photo Essay: Settler Tour Exemplifies the Difficult Reality of Occupation in Old City HebronInternational Solidarity Movement, Hebron - IMEMC News & Agencies - "Every Saturday, illegal Jewish settlers from around the West Bank take a `tour` of the busy souq (market) in Old City of Hebron, the busiest market street in the area since the closure of Shuhada Street. [...] the settlers are escorted by [...] Israeli soldiers and Border Police officers, who randomly detain Palestinians for ID checks and prevent free movement in the souq during the duration of the tour" [ry] 8/7/2019
Israel, U.S. Engage in Attack Simulations Preparing for War Against IranRichard Silverstein - Tikun Olam - In the midst of the current escalating crisis Israel, a mortal enemy of Iran, has maintained complete silence. This is all the more remarkable as Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu has made a political career of demonizing Iran. Now, all of a sudden, when he seems within arms reach of the very outcome he’s sought for years, he remains silent. No threats. No dog and pony shows for world media featuring display cases filled with captured Iranian CDs. No thundering denunciations before the UN General Assembly. Why? Well, perhaps it is precisely because Netanyahu stands so close to his goal of attacking Iran and toppling the regime, that he must not upset the apple cart. Also, no doubt U.S. officials are reminding him that he is not exactly beloved in the Arab world; and that anything he might say could and would be used to sabotage military action against Iran.-rh2/7/2019
Iran’s President, Hassan Rouhani, Is Absolutely Right About Donald TrumpRobert Fisk - Information Clearing House - Donald Trump’s new sanctions may not be as “outrageous and idiotic” as Rouhani claims, but we’ve now reached a stage where the American president’s mental incapacity is plain for all to see. It is a sign of the times – our times, I’m afraid – that all the rantings and ravings of Iran’s leaders over the past 40 years at last sound clear cut, true, absolutely on the cue. Trump is crackers, barmy, off the wall, categorically lunatic. Rouhani is a sane man, but in the past we could listen to folk like President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, who was crackers, and take a chuckle at Iran’s expense. Talk of the “Great Satan” could even get a bit boring after a while. But Trump, while possessing some of the characteristics of Colonel Gaddafi, now sounds like Ahmadinejad. The only thing he has left to say – as Ahmadinejad claimed – is that a holy cloud hung over his head when he addressed the United Nations.-rh2/7/2019
The winners and losers of the Bahrain conference Daoud Kuttab - Al-Monitor - Yet one has to acknowledge that the Palestinians came out as losers, because, at the end of the day, they were not in the room where their fate was being discussed. By turning down all the international goodwill that was offered, the Palestinians are bound to lose any direct gains, regardless if this plan is implemented.-rh 2/7/2019
The Israeli who had to prove he’s guilty of beating a Palestinian, and the Palestinian who had to prove he’s innocent of raping a Jewish girlJonathan Ofir - Mondoweiss - In both cases, the Palestinian was the “wrong guy”. In the Qatusa case, he was not the rapist. In the case involving Issacharoff, it was not Julani but Natsheh who was being beaten. On that side of Israeli Apartheid, the Palestinians are a one big mass, where names easily switch, it’s not a big deal. They are under military jurisdiction, which boasts of a 99.74% conviction rate. On the other side, even in the same territory, Israelis are under civilian jurisdiction. In the former, you are basically assumed guilty until proven otherwise. In the latter, even if you claim guilt, you’ll have a very hard time, especially if your claimed guilt involves Palestinians. Because their guilt depends upon our innocence.-rh2/7/2019
Police officer arrested for killing Ethiopian-Israeli teen Solomon Tekah : Eyewitness says there was no danger to shooter; demonstrators block junction in Haifa in protestTOI STAFF and JACOB MAGID - The Times of Israel - An off-duty Israel Police officer who shot dead an Ethiopian-Israeli teenager has been arrested on suspicion of unlawful killing, the Justice Ministry’s Police Internal Investigations Department said Monday. The Haifa Magistrate’s Court later released the officer to house arrest. Solomon Tekah, 19, was shot dead the night before during an altercation in the Kiryat Haim neighborhood of Haifa. An eyewitness to the shooting has reportedly told the PIID that, contrary to the officer’s claims, he did not appear to have been in danger when he opened fire.-rh2/7/2019
The Bahrain summit: how to buy a nationZvi Schuldiner - il manifesto - This US plan for “prosperity” is nothing but a monumental deception: the Americans are simply strengthening the criminal annexation plans of the Israeli right. These days, it’s hard to say if the most serious threat to the region is the bellicose intentions of the US toward Iran—on this front, the Russian intervention to put on the breaks was very welcome—or the economic fairy tales meant to cover up US support for the Israeli annexation policy, which brings the danger of another war in the region.-rh2/7/2019
Bernie Sanders joins Democratic Party debate over US aid to IsraelMichael Arria - Mondoweiss - Senator Bernie Sanders: Well I think you know you have to be- Jared Kushner can sit up there and say, “this is what I want to do.” Who is he working with? Is he working with the Palestinian people? So I think what has to be done is all I have been in terms of the Middle East is you know I believe 100 percent in Israel’s right to exist in peace and security when I was a kid I lived in Israel for a while, okay, I got family in Israel. But I believe that the United States has got to play an even handed role in the Middle East. Right now in Gaza, for example, it is a humanitarian disaster. You have unemployment rate at 60, 70. 80 percent. Kids have no life in front of them. And it is going to boil over. No question about it. You’ve got to deal with that issue.-rh2/7/2019
How the media helped turn an innocent Palestinian into a child rapistUzi Benziman - +972 - There is no need to go into great detail about the kind of racism we saw exuding from Israeli politicians — beginning with Prime Minister Netanyahu himself — as well as right- wing social media and the print media. Put simply, it was a terrifying spectacle that saw countless Israelis get swept up in a prejudice that views Palestinians as devils lying in wait for any and every Israeli. Now that the indictment has been rescinded, these racists must consider the hatred that flows in their blood and dictates their thinking and their actions. The dominant tone among the Jewish public in Israel toward Palestinians, and especially the attitude of its leaders (and, unfortunately, of its civil servants) is not unlike that of the white establishment toward African Americans in the United States. Over there, they cannot rid themselves of this curse, even years after they recognized its existence and pledged to uproot it. Here, they deny it even exists in the first place.-rh2/7/2019
The Day After: What if Israel Annexes the West Bank?Ramzy Baroud - The Palestine Chronicle - Calls for the annexation of the Occupied West Bank are gaining momentum in both Tel Aviv and Washington. But Israel and its American allies should be careful what they wish for. Annexing the Occupied Palestinian Territories will only reinforce the current rethink of the Palestinian strategy, as opposed to solving Israel’s self-induced problems Encouraged by the Donald Trump administration’s decision to move the US Embassy from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem, Israeli government officials feel that the time for annexing the entirety of the West Bank is now. In fact, “there is no better time than now” was the exact phrase used by former Israeli Justice Minister, Ayelet Shaked, as she promoted annexation at a recent New York conference.-rh2/7/2019
‘Palestine is not for sale’ — Palestinians in Gaza say Bahrain summit is the ‘New Oslo’Ahmad Kabariti - Mondoweiss - The conference, led by the president’s son-in-law and senior advisor Jared Kushner is taking place in Manama on June 25 and 26. The Palestinian leadership boycotted the conference, although a delegation of Palestinian businessmen from the West Bank are attending. Israel did not participate in the event. The plan proposed a $50 billion investment fund, which would be divided between Palestinians in the occupied territories (more than half of the total amount) and its neighbors Egypt, Lebanon and Jordan. The fund will be used for 179 infrastructure and business projects, including building up the Palestinians’ tourism sector. Palestinians in Gaza said that without a commitment for ending the occupation and the return of Palestinian refugees, the Bahrain workshop promises economic development without political freedom.-rh2/7/2019
Four Israeli Arab parties reunite for upcoming elections : Balad, Ra’am, Ta’al and Hadash to once again run on a joint slate in September, likely under MK Ayman OdehAP and TOI STAFF - The Times of Israel - In April, the parties ran on two separate lists, Hadash-Ta’al and Ra’am-Balad, which cost them a combined three seats, and the latter faction barely crossed the electoral threshold. Ayman Odeh, the group’s prospective leader, said Thursday it was a mistake to run separately and the group was now committed to “national unity.” The Ynet news site reported that a joint forum would meet in the coming days to decide the make-up of the slate. Israel is heading to its second election this year on September 17, after Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu failed to form a majority coalition government following the April vote. Arabs make up about 20 percent of Israel’s 9 million citizens.-rh25/6/2019
The Israeli academics who helped design Palestinian emigrationEdo Konrad - +972 - According to documents recently uncovered by by Omri Shafer Raviv, a PhD student in the Department of Jewish History at Hebrew University, in July 1967, then Israeli Prime Minister Levi Eshkol assembled a committee of academics including prominent Israeli sociologist Shemuel Noah Eisenstadt, economist Michael Bruno, demographer Roberto Baki, and mathematician Aryeh Dvoretzky — all of them with connections to the corridors of power — and sent them into the territories to study the newly-occupied population. The objective of the “Committee for the Development of the Administered Territories,” referred to as the “Professors Committee” was, on paper, to create a body responsible for “long-term planning” in the occupied territories. The professors, along with their teams of researchers, were sent to villages, cities, and refugee camps to interview Palestinians about their lives, needs, and desires.-rh25/6/2019
Will Israel’s Meretz officially become a Jewish-Arab party? Danny Zaken - Al-Monitor - A top Meretz official told Al-Monitor that Meretz swept the party too far to the left, alienating many intrinsically Zionist voters who do not like her criticism of army actions, unlike the attacks on the policy of Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, which they regard as legitimate. The official said that if Zandberg opts for an internal party partnership with Arabs (such as co-chairing or changing the party charter and priorities) at the expense of trying to form a relationship with the Labor party, she would be condemning Meretz to the status of a barely Zionist, marginal party, undermining the ideological grounds for its existence.-rh 25/6/2019
Palestine: The Arab `deal of the century`Marwan Bishara - Aljazeera - Unsurprisingly, the Palestinians have rejected what they deem as the "slap of the century" and refuse to participate in any meeting that is meant to facilitate its implementation. But why are so many Arab governments - who have repeatedly voiced their support for Palestinian national rights in a state of their own - facilitating, participating and supporting a workshop next week in Bahrain to plan and finance the implementation of a sinister deal which they haven`t seen, and whose architects reject Palestinian self-determination? - rh 25/6/2019
Israel’s Dimona nuclear reactor isn’t Chernobyl, but does have vulnerabilities : A disaster at Israel’s reactor would be far less catastrophic than the 1986 meltdown, but the core is being kept in service far longer than intended, and experts warn that’s The Times of Israel - Dimona, unlike Chernobyl, was built with a containment structure meant to prevent radioactive material from escaping in the case of a meltdown or other disaster. A metal-and- concrete structure known as a sarcophagus was constructed around Chernobyl after the fact. In addition, the Shimon Peres Negev Nuclear Research Center has been under threat almost since its construction, which has necessitated the Israeli government to put its safety (and thus the safety of those living nearby) at a premium. During the 1967 Six Day War, these air defense batteries shot down an Israeli fighter jet that accidentally strayed too close to the sensitive site after it was damaged when flying over Jordan.-rh25/6/2019
With Trump`s help, Netanyahu is making the occupation permanentSusie Becher - Palestine-Israel-Journal - Regardless of whether Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu makes good on his promise to annex areas of the West Bank during his new term in office, the very fact that he made such a statement is damaging. Together with his friend in the White House, Netanyahu has been slowly whittling away at the principles that are internationally recognized as the basis for any Israeli-Palestinian peace agreement. By uttering the word “annexation,” he has shattered yet another taboo, borrowing the unfathomable from the domain of the extreme right wing and inserting it into the heart of the public discourse on the conflict.-rh25/6/2019
Bernie Sanders Is Exactly Right About Trump’s Saber Rattling on IranJohn Nichols - The Nation - In a remarkable exchange, the senator rejects the notion that a “limited strike” on Iran is anything less than “an act of warfare” that could lead to catastrophe.-rh25/6/2019
When activism becomes ‘anti-Semitism’: the silencing of pro-Palestine voices on campusYumna Patel - Mondoweiss - Following condemnations and investigations from their respective universities and communities, and endless accusations of anti-Semitism, Mondoweiss spoke to students and faculty involved in both incidents at Emory and UNC to understand, from their point of view, the events that took place, and the wider implications for pro-Palestine activism on their campuses, and on university campuses across America.-rh25/6/2019
I’m innocent!’ freed Palestinian rape suspect declares, hugging his familyJACOB MAGID - The Times of Israel - 55 days after police arrested him for alleged sexual assault of 7-year-old Israeli girl, Mahmoud Qadusa walks out of prison due to lack of evidence against him-rh 25/6/2019
From spying to lobbying, Israel`s fight against BDS intensifiesLinah Alsaafin - Aljazeera - Recent revelations confirming the involvement of the Israeli intelligence agency Mossad in efforts to actively disrupt the growing movement for boycott, divestment and sanctions (BDS) against Israel did not come as a surprise to pro- Palestine activists. Gilad Erdan, the Israeli strategic affairs minister and a senior figure in Israel`s fight against BDS, met Mossad head Yossi Cohen to discuss "the struggle against the boycott", according to the politician`s 2018 official diary.-rh25/6/2019
Israeli jets hit Gaza after rocket fire into Israel : Incident follows exchange of rocket fire between Israel and Hamas on T May.Aljazeera - Israeli warplanes have attacked several Hamas targets in the Gaza Strip following a Palestinian rocket attack in the south of Israel, the military has said. The incident comes after Israel and Hamas exchanged rocket fire on Thursday, in the first serious cross- border escalation since a surge in fighting in May.-rh18/6/2019
US, Israeli, Russian security chiefs to meet in Jerusalem Ben Caspit - Al-Monitor - The upcoming summit is likely to star in Netanyahu’s reelection campaign throughout the summer months ahead of the Sept. 17 vote. For once, he appears to have come by this achievement deservedly. The summit was decided on before Netanyahu knew he would be unable to form a government and would be dragged into new elections, leaving him with an alibi. It was not a pre- election stunt, but Netanyahu will undoubtedly use it to leverage his electoral prospects, as he always does.-rh 18/6/2019
“Israeli Soldiers Destroy Four Sheds, Solar Panels, Near Hebron”IMEMCNews - Israeli soldiers invaded, earlier Monday, Masafer Yatta area, east of Yatta town, south of the southern West Bank city of Hebron, and destroyed four residential sheds, and solar panels. Rateb Jabour, the coordinator of the National and Popular Committee against the Annexation Wall and Colonies in southern West Bank, said the soldiers invaded Khallet ad-Dabe’ area in al-Masafer ash-Sharqiya, and demolished four residential sheds.-rh18/6/2019
Israeli Attorney Lea Tsemel Reflects on Defending Palestinians Who Resist OccupationAmy Goodman - Democracy Now - Attorney Lea Tsemel has defended Palestinian political prisoners in Israeli courts for nearly half a century, insisting on their humanity and their right to a fair trial. Her work has earned her the scorn and reprobation of many Israelis, as well as death threats. A staunch critic of the Israeli occupation of Palestine, Tsemel has long argued that Palestinians who carry out politically motivated violence are freedom fighters, not “terrorists.” In 1999, Tsemel won a landmark case in the Israeli Supreme Court, making it illegal for Israeli officials to torture detained Palestinians during interrogations. The documentary “Advocate” narrates the remarkable life story of Tsemel. The film premiered at this year’s Sundance Film Festival and screened in New York City for the first time Thursday night at the Human Rights Watch Film Festival. We speak with Lea Tsemel and the director of “Advocate,” Rachel Leah Jones.-rh18/6/2019
Liberman’s un-Orthodox proposal: 8 things to know for June 16JOSHUA DAVIDOVICH - The Times of Israel - Let’s get together (without the ultra-Orthodox): Less than a month after blocking Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu from forming a government, Yisrael Beytenu head Avigdor Liberman has thrown a fresh wildcard into the political mix, vowing to force Likud and Blue and White to form an “emergency” unity government to keep the ultra-Orthodox out of power. Such a coalition, so long as the Haredi parties were out of it, would represent the will of “an overwhelming majority of the citizens of Israel,” Liberman wrote on Facebook. “Three months before repeat elections, Liberman has done it again, He’s managed to roil the political scene with a series of Facebook posts,” marvels Yedioth Ahronoth.-rh18/6/2019
Doublespeak in Israel and the United States Targets “the Left” as TraitorousYOAV LITVIN - Counterpunch - In spite of a seemingly convincing victory in Israel’s recent elections, Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu failed to form a right-wing coalition, which would secure him the premiership for an additional four years. The reason: hard- right Member of Knesset (MK), former Israeli Security Minister, and leader of the Yisrael Beiteinu party Avigdor Lieberman – a settler in the Occupied Palestinian Territories, ex-nightclub bouncer and convicted child beater – refused to budge on a draft bill for ultra- orthodox Jews. In response to Lieberman’s opportunistic move, a disheveled-looking Netanyahu spoke to reporters claiming: “Lieberman is now part of the left”. Yet Lieberman is as far from left wing politics as can be. In fact, his signature fascistic opinions are no secret – e.g. he has openly endorsed expulsion of Palestinians from Israel and spearheaded attempts to legalize execution and even beheading of Palestinian prisoners, whom he collectively refers to as “terrorists”.-rh18/6/2019
Summer could be `hot` in Palestine, PM warns Daoud Kuttab - Al-Monitor - It is highly unusual for the Palestinian president to repeat a statement made by the prime minister, but that is what happened when President Mahmoud Abbas used his relatively new Twitter account to echo in Arabic a statement made in English by Prime Minister Mohammad Shtayyeh to the New York Times. In an interview with David M. Halbfinger published June 5, Shtayyeh explained that if Israel continues to withhold tax monies it collects on his government`s behalf, it could necessitate laying off members of the Palestinian security services. Should that happen, Shtayyeh said, it will be a “very hot summer. At every level.” 18/6/2019
A high-tech facelift takes the sting out of an Israeli checkpoint — but not out of the occupationRuth Eglash - The Washington Post - It’s Qalandia — the notorious Israeli military checkpoint known for its reviled metal turnstiles and caged tunnels. For nearly two decades, thousands of Palestinian civilians were forced to wait here, sometimes for hours, as they tried to enter Israel for work, school, medical appointments or family visits. As the main crossing into Jerusalem from Ramallah, the de facto Palestinian capital, Qalandia has become a stark symbol of Israel’s military occupation of the West Bank and a constant source of humiliation for ordinary Palestinians. It also serves as a daily reminder of how deeply Israel controls their lives.-rh18/6/2019
Bahrain conference may succeed, but not at bringing Israeli-Palestinian peaceRAPHAEL AHREN - The Times of Israel - Since Washington and Manama announced the “Peace for Prosperity” workshop with a joint statement on May 19, the Palestinian Authority has done everything it can to sabotage the event, repeatedly urging Arab governments to stay away — to little avail. Lebanon has unsurprisingly publicly repudiated the summit, citing the Palestinians’ refusal to attend, though it’s far from clear that Beirut was invited in the first place. Iraq is more politely staying away. (Iran, inevitably, has castigated the gathering from the get-go.) But the Arab world’s most important players, including the Palestinians’ closest neighbors, are all going, leaving the PA with little to do beside express “deep regret” and keep calling on “all brotherly and friendly countries to withdraw from participating in the workshop,” as PA government spokesman Ibrahim Melhim said this week.-rh18/6/2019
The Treacherous Falsification of Palestine-Israel HistoryAriän Taher - Truthout - upporters of international humanitarian law must condemn the views espoused by DePaul University’s Jason Hill, a tenured philosophy professor, regarding his statements on Palestine- Israel, both in the past and in his recent article in The Federalist. Hill’s opinions on Palestine-Israel must be examined carefully as a microcosm of the myths broadly perpetuated by the right wing to justify Israel’s military occupations, operations and land seizures in Palestine. Hill’s article fails to present any primary-source and peer-reviewed material to justify his argumentation, instead providing only neophyte analyses, historical falsification and historical negationism.-rh11/6/2019
That Kushner Interview Was Not Just Ignorant. It Was RacistMuhammad Shehada - Forward - The current U.S. peace team in the Middle East, guided by Trump’s son-in-law Jared Kushner, is unprecedented in its open and shameless ignorance. Kushner, Ambassador David Friedman and Special Envoy Jason Greenblatt are arrogant, hypocritical, and racist — and they never exert the slightest effort to hide it. Their inexperience and ignorance is everywhere on display in their belief that Palestinians will give up their 70-year long struggle for equality and statehood in excThange for foreign investment.-rh11/6/2019
Conquer and Divide: Tens of thousands explore interactive mapHagai El-Ad - B’Tselem - Just a few days ago, we launched the interactive project Conquer and Divide: a series of maps illustrating what it is exactly that Israel has done in the Occupied Territories since 1967. We got a deluge of positive responses. In only a handful of days, tens of thousands of people around the world have explored the maps on their cellphones or computers. People must know the facts – so that we can together demand an entirely different future. [ak] 11/6/2019
Another chance for the Joint ListArik Rudnitzky -The Times of Israel - So, what should Arab politicians do now? They must address the Arab public directly and focus on two messages. First, that they have learned their lesson from the public criticism of the disbandment of the Joint List, and they now are working to correct their mistakes. Second, that a popular protest and boycott of the elections will yield no benefits for the Arab public, and that what is needed is constructive action in the Knesset.-rh11/6/2019
Naming backbencher as minister, Netanyahu ensures he stays Likud’s only big gunSHALOM YERUSHALMI - The Times of Israel - With the appointment of Likud ally Amir Ohana — the first openly gay MK in a right-wing party — as justice minister, Prime Minister and Likud Chairman Benjamin Netanyahu continues to undermine the generation of politicians set to succeed him. Netanyahu tapped Ohana despite the fact that there were plenty of more senior figures in line for the position. Though many may not realize it, this is a perpetuation of the prime minister’s long-held strategy of taking down — on his own or with the help of others — a long line of high-ranking Likud officials who have posed a threat to his leadership over the years.-rh11/6/2019
On equating BDS and anti-Semitism: a letter to the German governmentSara Roy - Mondoweiss - To the Members of the German Government: I write to you regarding the motion recently passed by the Bundestag that equated BDS with anti-Semitism. I also write to you as Jew, a child of Holocaust survivors and as a scholar of the Israeli- Palestinian conflict. My mother, Taube, and father, Abraham, survived Auschwitz among other horrors. My father was the only survivor in his family of six children and my mother survived with only one sister in a family that was larger than my father’s. I know, without question, that if they were alive today, the motion you are being asked to endorse would terrify them given the repression of tolerance and witness that it clearly embraces. I shall not restate what others have already written protesting your action, but I do have some thoughts I would like to share.-rh11/6/2019
How Israeli police manipulated evidence to hide the targeting of Ayman OdehJonathan Ofir - Mondoweiss - Despite evidence that clearly countered the “terror” narrative, it took a month and a half until Minister of Agriculture Uri Ariel issued a qualified apology, “if there really was a failure at Umm al-Hiran”, yet no policeman was charged and the investigations were closed. But there was yet another direct victim at Umm al-Hiran, one with a high profile – Palestinian-Israeli lawmaker Ayman Odeh. Odeh was first pepper-sprayed at point-blank range, and shortly after, shot with sponge-tip bullets – one to the forehead, and then when he crouched and turned around in response, one to the back. He fell shortly after.-rh11/6/2019
Settlers target McDonald’s over what they call boycott of West Bank Read more: Svetlova - Al-Monitor - An organization comprising hundreds of disabled Israeli army veterans on June 4 placed large signs in front of McDonald’s restaurants in Tel Aviv similar in look to the warning signs posted at the crossings from Israel into the West Bank and Gaza. “Attention, Israelis! The area in front of you is Area M [a reference to Areas A and B of the West Bank] — an area under the control of a company that boycotts parts of the State of Israel. Anyone entering this area supports this boycott.” Many Israelis posed for photos next to the signs. The campaign against the world’s largest fast food chain follows a demand by Yossi Dagan, chair of the Samaria Regional Council in the West Bank, to the ministers of finance and transportation, to prevent McDonald’s from competing in a tender to run a franchise at Ben Gurion International Airport because the company refuses to open restaurants in West Bank settlements.-rh 11/6/2019
Hundreds of Palestinians riot as Jews allowed on Temple Mount for Jerusalem DayMICHAEL BACHNER and TOI STAFF - The Times of Israel - Clashes erupted between Palestinian rioters and police on Sunday morning at the Temple Mount compound in Jerusalem’s Old City, as hundreds of Jews were allowed into the holy site to celebrate Jerusalem Day — the 52nd anniversary of the unification of the capital in the Six Day War. Later in the morning, hundreds of Palestinians rioters threw rocks and chairs at Israeli security personnel. There were no immediate reports of injuries. By mid-afternoon, police reported that the situation was again calm.-rh11/6/2019
Bernie Sanders and Palestine : Bernie Sanders links Hitler’s murder of his family to his fight against occupation of PalestiniansPhilip Weiss - Portside - We`ve closely followed the statements of Democratic presidential hopefuls to the American Jewish Committee. Almost every candidate so far has been careful to skirt the Israel question, hinting at some mild criticism of Israel but not actually voicing it. Joe Biden went after the Palestinians. Kamala Harris embraced Israel. No one has mentioned the occupation or Palestinian human rights with any specificity. Till now, that is. Bernie Sanders weighed in yesterday with a forceful message that connects the murder of his own family by the Nazis to his fight against the crushing, humiliating military occupation by Israel of Palestine. Sanders said that Gaza is also occupied, that Netanyahu is a reactionary who is planning to annex the West Bank, and that a two-state solution must produce a viable Palestinian state based on the ’67 lines, with Jerusalem as a capital. Just what Netanyahu rejected and shoved in Barack Obama’s face eight years ago in the White House, without any consequences.-rh11/6/2019
Israeli occupation is like US occupation of Germany and Japan that people grew to like — Ambassador DermerJames North and Philip Weiss - Mondoweiss - Dermer was making the Netanyahu government’s argument against the two-state solution, which he said would give “unlimited sovereignty” to Palestinians. “When people say two states, you’re flying into unlimited sovereignty,” Dermer told the American Jewish Committee earlier this week. Netanyahu’s position is: “I want the Palestinians to have all the powers to govern themselves but none of the powers that can threaten Israel.” That would include a “flag” and “self-determination,” Dermer said, but Israel will not walk out of “Judea and Samaria” in a few years. “It’s not going to happen.” Israel left Lebanon and pulled settlers from Gaza and in each case got a “forward terror base” on its border.-rh11/6/2019
Facing The Facts: Israel Cannot Escape ICC JurisdictionIMEMC News & Agencies - "The Chief Military Advocate General of the Israeli army, Sharon Afek, and the US Department of Defense General Counsel, Paul Ney, shared a platform at the ‘International Conference on the Law of Armed Conflict’, which took place in Herzliya, Israel between May 28-30...Israel’s shoot-to-kill policy, however, is not confined to the Gaza Strip but is also implemented with the same degree of violent enthusiasm in the West Bank." ca9/6/2019
Peter Beinart suggests AIPAC should have to register as agent of Israeli governmentPhilip Weiss - Mondoweiss - Beinart says dual loyalty is inherent in the ways in which American Jews support Israel. And if someone asked me, do you have a loyalty to the Jewish people, which is separate from your loyalty to the United States, I would say Yes. I would say Of course I have a loyalty to the Jewish people. I feel an affinity and a connection and a concern for Jews around the world because we are Am Yisrael, we are a people. And so I guess, I totally understand that the suggestion that Jews are not good citizens is very, very dangerous and has a very, very ugly ugly history. But how can one talk about the fact that as Jews we do have a special for the Jewish people and for the Jewish state and I would imagine that if African Americans have a special concern for what happens in Haiti, why should that be considered illegitimate.-rh4/6/2019
A second Israeli election proves Netanyahu’s grip on power is slippingJonathan Cook - - Netanyahu’s panic was fully justified. He is due to face a hearing in October, when it is widely expected he will be indicted on multiple corruption charges. With parliament’s dissolution, he no longer has time to pass two pieces of legislation that could have absolved him of charges before the October deadline. First, he needed an immunity law exempting him from trial, and then a so-called “override law” to prevent Israel’s supreme court from using its powers of judicial review to rule the immunity law unconstitutional.-rh 4/6/2019
Palestinians need a state, not a `business plan`Sam Bahour - +972 Magazine - The plan is said to address four major components: infrastructure, industry, empowering and investing in people, and governance reforms “to make the area as investible as possible.” While on paper all of this sounds fine and well, it may very well be the first step in the collapse of Trump’s peace plan. The unforeseen silver lining is that the U.S. has lost any remaining influence it had on Palestinian society. As the U.S.-monopolized peace process was driven to total collapse, past U.S. administrations understood that keeping USAID funds operating in the West Bank and Gaza Strip gave the U.S. some sort of financial clout, after losing any semblance of political credibility. Now that Trump has closed the USAID mission in Tel Aviv, which previously served the West Bank, Palestinians are free to think without a noose of U.S. funding around their necks.-rh 4/6/2019
Palestine needs freedom, not prosperityDaoud Kuttab - Arab Media Internet Network - I still vividly remember what a World Bank official once told me, “What Palestine needs is the end of occupation and restrictions for its economy to boom. You are not Bangladesh with 200 million mouths to feed, you have well- educated population and you are near major world markets, all you need is to be able to move people and goods around, and within five year your economy would be doing just fine.”-rh4/6/2019
Smotrich says he wants to be justice minister so Israel can follow Torah lawTOI STAFF - The Times of Israel - The Israeli justice system should adhere to religious Jewish law, MK Bezalel Smotrich of the Union of Right-Wing Parties (URWP) has insisted, doubling down on his position despite drawing rebuke, and asserting that the country should aspire to run itself as “in the days of King David.” “We want the justice portfolio because we want to restore the Torah justice system,” Smotrich said Sunday evening at Mercaz Harav Yeshiva in Jerusalem, hours after Justice Minister Ayelet Shaked was fired by Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu.-rh4/6/2019
Israel`s Role In 9/11Philip Giraldi - Information Clearing House - Now it is just possible that the Urban Moving Israelis were indeed uninvolved in 9/11 but nevertheless working for Mossad, which the Israeli government even subsequently admitted, but the new evidence suggests that the Israelis almost certainly had considerable prior knowledge and were likely involved in what developed. The new information reveals that minutes after the first plane struck the World Trade Center, five Israelis had taken up position in the parking lot of the Doric Apartment Complex in Union City, New Jersey, where they took pictures and filmed the attacks while also celebrating the fall of the towers and “high fiving.” One eyewitness interviewed by the Bureau had seen the Israelis’ van circling the building parking at 8:00 a.m. that day, more than 40 minutes prior to the attack, indicating prior knowledge of what was about to happen.-rh4/6/2019
Touching Photographs : June 1, 2019 : Umm Al-Amad, Susya, Kivsat Harash. Text: David ShulmanDavid Shulman - Touching Photographs - The problem is that the well is running dry. It has to be replenished with water brought in by tanker, but the road is mostly impassable for a tanker. It’s not clear how this can be solved. It’s hot and dry today, 36 degrees or more, a hot Ramadan, hard on those who are fasting. ‘Aziza begs us to allow her to make us tea. Not today, we say, we have other places to visit, and work to do. We promise we’ll come back for tea after ‘Id. Kul sana wa-intum bi-khair, May you will be well year after year.-rh4/6/2019
Blue and White gets rare second chance in politics Yossi Beilin - Al-Monitor - The centrist Blue and White, led by Lt. Gen. (res.) Benny Gantz, swept up 35 Knesset seats, equal to the Likud’s take, despite being formed only a few months prior to elections. It maintains a fragile existence, amid public tensions among its disparate leadership, and it managed to bring out tens of thousands of people for a May 25 protest against government plans to clip the wings of the Supreme Court. It also withstood temptation when the Likud floated enticing suggestions of top jobs in a bid to draw potential renegades into a Netanyahu-led government.-rh 4/6/2019
Hundreds of Palestinians riot as Jews allowed on Temple Mount for Jerusalem DayMICHAEL BACHNER and TOI STAFF - The Times of Israel - Clashes erupted between Palestinian rioters and police on Sunday morning at the Temple Mount compound in Jerusalem’s Old City, as hundreds of Jews were allowed into the holy site to celebrate Jerusalem Day — the 52nd anniversary of the unification of the capital in the Six Day War. Later in the morning, hundreds of Palestinians rioters threw rocks and chairs at Israeli security personnel. There were no immediate reports of injuries. By mid-afternoon, police reported that the situation was again calm.-rh4/6/2019
Palestinians prove fraud, regain land after decades Ahmad Melhem - Al-Monitor - Youssef Abu Safya, a member of the National Land Defense Commission in Salfit, told Al-Monitor the case dates back to 1982 when Yakir Investments, with the help of some Palestinian brokers and tribal leaders, forged the title deeds of hundreds of dunams in the town in Area C. The landowners — who reside in the West Bank — started to pursue the case with Palestinian lawyers and rights’ groups, appearing before Israeli committees. When the Palestinian Authority (PA) was established in 1994, it took over the case and offered the complainants legal aid through the Colonization and Wall Resistance Commission, with which it is affiliated.-rh 4/6/2019
Palestine in Pictures: May 2019EI - "Thirty Palestinians were killed [...] in the West Bank and Gaza Strip during the month of May. Two of those killings took place in the West Bank on the last day of the month" [ry] 3/6/2019
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